Salmon is the common name for several species of fish in the family Salmonidae. Salmon live along the coasts of both the North Atlantic (one migratory species Salmo salar) and Pacific Oceans (approximately a dozen species of the genus Oncorhynchus), and have also been introduced into the Great Lakes of North America.
Typically, salmon are anadromous: they are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean, then return to fresh water to reproduce. However, there are populations of several species that are restricted to fresh water through their life. Folklore has it that the fish return to the exact spot where they were born to spawn; tracking studies have shown this to be true, and this homing behavior has been shown to depend on olfactory memory.
They are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean, then return to fresh water to reproduce. However, there are populations of several species that are restricted to fresh water through their life. Folklore has it that the fish return to the exact spot where they were born to spawn; tracking studies have shown this to be true, and this homing behavior has been shown to depend on olfactory memory. Prior to spawning, depending on the species, salmon undergo changes. They may grow a hump, develop canine teeth, develop a kype (a pronounced curvature of the jaws in male salmon). All will change from the silvery blue of a fresh run fish from the sea to a darker colour. Salmon can make amazing journeys, sometimes moving hundreds of miles
upstream against strong currents and rapids to reproduce.
(Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is also known in the US as king or blackmouth salmon, and as spring salmon in British Columbia. Chinook are the largest of all Pacific salmon, frequently exceeding 30 lb (14 kg). The name Tyee is used in British Columbia to refer to Chinook over 30 pounds, and in Columbia River watershed especially large Chinook were once referred to as June Hogs. Chinook salmon are known to range as far north as the Mackenzie River and Kugluktuk in the central Canadian arctic.
(Oncorhynchus kisutch) is also known in the US as silver salmon. This species is found throughout the coastal waters of Alaska and British Columbia and up most clear-running streams and rivers. It is also now known to occur, albeit infrequently, in the Mackenzie River.
(Oncorhynchus keta) is known as dog, keta, or calico salmon in some parts of the US. This species has the widest geographic range of the Pacific species: south to the Sacramento
River in California in the eastern Pacific and the island of Kyüshü in the Sea of Japan in the western Pacific; north to the Mackenzie River in Canada in the east and to the Lena River in Siberia in the west.
(Oncorhynchus nerka) is also known in the US as red salmon. This lake-rearing species is found south as far as the Klamath River in California in the eastern Pacific and northern Hokkaidõ island in Japan in the western Pacific and as far north as Bathurst Inlet in the Canadian Arctic in the east and the Anadyr River in Siberia in the west. Although most adult Pacific salmon feed on small fish, shrimp and squid; sockeye feed on plankton that they filter through gill rakers. Kokanee salmon is a land-locked form of sockeye salmon.
(Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), known as humpies in southeast and southwest Alaska, are found from northern California and Korea, throughout the northern Pacific, and from the Mackenzie River in Canada to the Lena River in Siberia, usually in shorter coastal streams. It is the smallest of the Pacific species, with an average weight of 3 1/2-4 lb (1.6-1.8 kg).
Located on the uninhabited Pacific coast of the Alaska Peninsula, a sterling reputation for delivering a high quality fly fishing experience despite the daunting logistics.
Andrew Bennett owns and operates this destination on the banks of the Kanektok River, and has spared no expense to make it one of the most nicely appointed camps...
For many years Dave Jones has been operating this isolated tent camp operation on the banks of Kodiak Island's Ayakulik River, only outfitter licensed to operate...
Accessible only by floatplane, the headwaters lake of the river you'll be floating (the Kanektok) will be the jumping off spot for a week of fishing...
Mike and Sally's Baranof Wilderness Lodge has an incredibly high client return rate, which speaks volumes about their service, and experience.
At the heart of the Big Ku Lodge boat fishery are the rivers themselves, four jewels that are counted among the finest of what Alaska has to offer in terms of trophy trout.
Look up "classic Alaskan fly fishing lodge" in the dictionary, and there is a picture of the Cusack's operation. Situated in a protected cove on the shores of famous Lake Iliamna.
Located on the banks of the famed Copper River near Iliamna, this is, arguably, the most beautiful location and one of the finer fishing locations for rainbow trout in our 49th state.
Based on the Kanektok River, which flows into Kuskokwim Bay. Famous for its beautifully-marked "Leopard" rainbows, also hosting superb runs of all 5 species of Pacific salmon.
he "Nush" is a fish bum's dream come true. Rise as early or late as you please 'cause there's no competition to race to the pool. Fish hard all day on 100 miles of accessible river...
Mike Gorton's remote outpost camp on the Goodnews River has been popular with hardcore anglers for decades. Guests stay in well-appointed tents.
"Affordable, no frills, wilderness silver salmon fishing" would well describe this wonderful operation near Cordova; it is custom made for the self-sufficient salmon angler.
We all dream of being the first to discover a remote Alaskan river, a stream so far off the charts, it has only been acknowledged, vaguely, by a few intrepid explorers.
Dave Duncan & Sons is a family-owned and operated business that specializes in remote wilderness Base Camps– we represent their two operations.
Of all the attributes that make Royal Coachman Lodge attractive, none are so obvious as their location, and the quality of their staff.
Chris and Linda Branham own and operate what is, arguably, the finest trophy trout fishing lodge in Bristol Bay. They really have little interest in fishing for salmon.
Sandy River Lodge was brought to the attention of serious anadramous fly fishermen years ago. We visited Mel Gillis' lodge, found the steelhead and king fishing remarkable.
Imagine being in an Alaskan wilderness only a short flight from Anchorage, in a comfortable lodge on the banks of a great trout and salmon river, with superb guides and wonderful food.
Wilderness Place Lodge has been taking care of anglers on Alaska's Lake Creek for decades, sending them home with happy smiles and arms tired from catching fish.
Plan your Alaska fishing float trips early for 2012!! Our floats are for groups of 3 - 4 people for a personalized wilderness fishing experience!